Organic Bioelectronics Used To Build A Fully Functional Artificial Neuron
A group of scientist from Sweden’s Karolinska Institutet have just managed to create a functional neuron with the use of organic bioelectronic. It was in collaboration with collegues at the Linkoping University.
The professor of cellular microbiology, Agneta Richter-Dahlfor says, “The artificial neuron is made of conductive polymer and functions like the human neuron”. He added that “The sensing parts of the artificial neuron changes the chemical signal in one dish, translates it to electrical signals and then released in the acetylcholine in the second dish, whose effects can be monitored in living human cell”.
The device which contains the non- living parts though, it’s capable of mimicking the operation of the functioning of the normal human nerve cells and transmit information to and fro like human neurons does.
The device just like the human nervous system is capable of receiving chemical signals which it can then relay to human cells. As the neurons are isolated from each other and communicates with the help of chemical signals called neurotransmitter.
Chemical signals are changed to electrical action inside the neuron, and travels along the axon up to the end at the synapse. Here electrical signals are then converted to chemical signal and by diffusion relays signals to the subsequent nerve.
This technique will make it possible to stimulate neurons based on specific chemical signals that are received from a different part of the body. The team hope to provide the best ever treatment to all the neurological disorders, this innovation will relay on traditional electrical stimulation.
In the coming time, this will also assist physicians to bypass destroyed nerve cell and help them restore the natural function.